Lessons from Three Nations on Good Nonprofit Corporate Governance
Most likely, you’re familiar with the old proverb, “One bad apple spoils the whole bunch.” That sentiment rings true as it pertains to a few nonprofit agencies that fail to uphold the principles of good corporate governance. The bad behavior of one nonprofit organization quickly becomes a reflection on other organizations, even those that practice excellent accountability and oversight.
The public has high expectations for nonprofits. Above all, they value trust. Donors are happy to give their money to causes that they believe in. In exchange for their generosity, they expect the board of directors, staff and other affiliates to act with integrity and to be accountable for their actions and spending.
Dissatisfaction Spreads Quickly
Good news travels fast. Unfortunately, bad news travels even faster. Salesforce, a well-known customer relationship management company, tells us a lot about the issues that customers value:
- It costs 6 to 7 times as much to attract a new customer as it does to retain an old one.
- Customers are twice as likely to share a bad experience as a good one.
- It takes 12 positive experiences to make up for one negative one.
- A 10% increase in retention levels nets a 30% increase in the value of the company.
While those statistics apply to the buying public, most people give to nonprofit organizations either because they believe in its mission or because they have an emotional connection to the cause. Naturally, they would be even more invested in the integrity and good management of a corporation that is re-investing their money in a worthy cause. Just as someone has a bad experience with a used car and believes that all used cars are lemons, someone who suspects inappropriate activity with a nonprofit is likely to cast a suspicious eye on all other nonprofit organizations.
Good Corporate Governance Promotes Trust with Donors and the Public
Nonprofit organizations need to work hard to earn public trust even during times when the public sees them in a positive light.
Periods of mistrust impact a nonprofit’s donation levels. Lack of funds bleeds over to unrest among its members and other stakeholders. These things all affect a nonprofit organization’s bottom line.
When corporate governance issues transcend multiple entities, nonprofits are likely to attract some negative attention from regulators. Because regulators have a responsibility to protect the public, this is a good thing. Lamentably, regulators sometimes go overboard and respond with knee-jerk reactions.
Donor and Public Expectations of Boards
Donors and the public expect that boards will practice strong oversight of money and operations. They also expect the board to participate actively in managing risks. Stakeholders want assurance that communications by the nonprofit organization are honest and sincere. They want to know that board directors are ready to confront instances of internal fraud and conflicts of interest.
The public sector expects board directors to hold themselves to their own personal good standards, as well as the standards of members, clients, funders and the greater community.
Australia Sets a High Bar for Good Nonprofit Corporate Governance
Australian nonprofit entities have established high levels of trust and confidence among their citizens over many previous decades. While the country has had a few incidences of poor nonprofit governance, those incidents are few and isolated. Overall, Australian nonprofits have a strong reputation for practicing good corporate governance and acting with integrity.
Australians are making a deeper commitment to good corporate governance after learning about some of the recent problems in the United Kingdom’s nonprofit sector. Some of the nonprofit organizations in the U.K. aggressively pursued members of the senior population who suffered from Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia. A few nonprofit organizations solicited donations so intensely that it allegedly led to an elderly woman’s suicide. In another instance, nonprofit organizations allegedly targeted wealthy senior citizens with symptoms of dementia, collecting multiple, large donations, and whittled away their estates in the process.
Disingenuous Donor Solicitation Tactics Lead to Public Mistrust of U.K. Nonprofits
Such tactics were not widespread or of gargantuan proportions; however, the situations were egregious enough to destroy public trust and confidence in nonprofits overall. The 2017 Edelman Trust Barometer indicates that the highest level of mistrust lies with the U.K.’s nonprofit organizations, and U.K. citizens currently have more trust in businesses than in nonprofits.
These unfortunate situations prompted regulators in the U.K. to take action, as they recognized the importance of public trust in the nonprofit sector. Their investigations led to recommendations for the issuance of new regulations to protect the public. Those recommendations include creating a new regulator to own and enforce the code of fundraising practices. The regulator would investigate allegations of misconduct and be responsible for issuing sanctions and suspensions, and order training as needed.
Proponents of the new regulations also want to see an enforceable “opt-out” regulation for people who get annoyed by repeated or aggressive solicitations. Opponents of the new recommendations believe that it’s best to let nonprofits continue to regulate themselves.
Canada Has an Eye on Prevention as United Kingdom Tackles Trust Issues
After taking note of problems in the nonprofit world in the U.K., the Canadian government favors taking a proactive approach to preventing the same problems in their country. Canada takes a positive approach by rewarding nonprofits that practice good corporate governance. Their Standards Program offers accreditation to nonprofit organizations that demonstrate excellence in 73 standards in five areas, including:
- Board governance
- Financial accountability and transparency
- Staff management
- Volunteer involvement
Nonprofit and charitable organizations that earn their standards accreditation get to display the Accreditation Trustmark on their marketing materials as trusted leaders in their industry. Canada’s rewards-based approach has reduced risk, improved governance and strengthened the ranks of volunteers.
The Wrap-up on Good Nonprofit Corporate Governance Across the Globe
Countries across the globe have much to learn from the approaches to managing nonprofit corporate governance in the United Kingdom, Australia and Canada. Regardless of location, trust and confidence are the most valuable nonprofit organizational assets, just as they are in the for-profit corporate world. Practicing good corporate principles is the basis for preventing the breakdown of public trust. Once a nonprofit has breached trust, gaining it back is not impossible, but it’s a time-consuming and formidable task.